The Chalcolithic and Bronze Age Bone and Lithic Objects from Faschivka Settlement Site

  • Volodymyr V. Koloda H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
  • Valentyn B. Pankowski Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Serhii M. Razumov Т.H. Shevchenko Prydnistrovian State University
  • Anastasiia V. Коrоhinа Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: the Chalcolithic, the Late Bronze Age, Northern Azov area, bone industry, lithic industry, traceology.

Abstract

The paper analyzes raw materials structure, manufacture techniques, and functions in some bone and lithic tools and accessories found in 1992 at Faschivka settlement site located at the Mius river headstream in the Donets Ridge area, district Perevalsk, region of Lugansk. The objects of bone comprise the horse metatarsal skate of the «Sadchikovskiy» type, the notched cattle rib scraper, and the cattle mandibulae breakers. These all were attributed here to the late phase of the Berezhnovka-Maiovka culture (14th-13th c. BC) or, possibly, to the very end of the Late Bronze Age (12th-10th c. BC). It turned out that mandibulae breakers have been used exclusively in finishing rawhides and not in fleshing skins as such tools were usually thought. The Chalcolithic artefacts, presumably of the Strilcha Skelia culture (4600-4300 cal BC), are made of dark grey translucent flint of the Upper Cretaceous origin. These include the knife burin, scraper-rasp-planing knife, the planing knife, the end-side scraper, the cutting flake and blade tools, and a blade fragment. The Late Bronze Age «sling stones» were made of a different sort of light grey opaque flint. The rest of the LBA kit consists of axe hammer, hammer, disk-shaped object, grindstone, and quern-stone, all made of serpentinite and lime- or sandstone materials.

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2017-06-22
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