Odontological Series of Yamna Culture from the Vynohradne Burial Ground

  • Yulia V. Ushkova Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: odontology, dental anthropology, Yamna culture, Early Bronze Age.

Abstract

The article focuses on description of Yamna culture odontological sample from Vynohradne kurgan group (North-Western Azov Sea region) and its comparison with the other series of Yamna culture. Non-metric and metric traits were studied according to methodological recommendations of A.A. Zubov.

The study confirms the conclusion of heterogeneity of Yamna culture populations from different territories and the complexity of ethno-historical processes during the Early Bronze Age. The Vynohradne sample differs from other groups of Yamna culture by the complex of odontological traits. The most important feature of its dental profile is a very high occurrence of Carabelli cusp on М 1 (75 %). The Vynohradne sample also differs by significantly increased frequencies of odontoglyphic variant 1pa (3) — 44,4 %, hypocone reduction on М 2 — 33,3 % and six-cusped М 1 — 11,1 % in comparison to other Yamna series. Pattern + 5М 1 is frequent (25 %) whereas four-cusped М 1 and upper incisors crowding were not encountered. Small group of individuals (group A) differs by its archaeological and dental (mainly metric) characteristics against the background of Vynohradne series. It was hypothesized that this group marks the appearance of the new population in the North-Western Azov Sea region. According to the available calibrated 14C dates it could happen circa 29th—28th century BCE.

References

Gerasimova M.M. K voprosu o proiskhozhdenii yamnoi kultury. Vestnik antropologii. 2011, no. 19, pp. 104-111.

Gravere R.U. Odontologicheskii aspekt etnogeneza i etnicheskoi istorii vostochnoslavianskikh narodov. Vostochnye slaviane. Antropologiia i etnicheskaia istoriia (ed. T.I. Alekseeva). Moskva, 1999, pp. 205-218.

Görsdorf J., Rassamakin Y., Häusler A. 14C Datings of Mound 24 of the Kurgan Group near Vinogradnoe Village, Ukraine. Radiocarbon and Archaeology: Fourth International Symposium, St Catherine’s College, Oxford (9-14th April, 2002).Monograph 62. Oxford, 2004, pp. 127-134.

Khokhlov A.A. Osnovnye problemy paleoantropologii yamnoi kultury. Problemy izucheniia yamnoi kulturno-istoricheskoi oblasti (ed. N.L. Morgunova). Orenburg, 2006, pp. 100-104.

Kruts S.I. Naselenie territorii Ukrainy epokhi medi - bronzy. Kyiv, 1972.

Kruts S.I. Antropolohichnyi sklad naselennia. Davnia istoriia Ukrainy. Vol. 1. Pervisne suspilstvo. Kyiv, 1997, pp. 374-383.

Otroshchenko V.V., Rassamakin Yu.Ya., Goshko T.Yu., et al. Otchet o raskopkakh Zaporozhskoi ekspeditsii v 1983 godu. Naukovyi arkhiv IA NANU, f.e. 20733, 1983/1.

Otroshchenko V.V., Rassamakin Yu.Ya., Konstantinesku L.F., et al. Otchet o raskopkakh Zaporozhskoi ekspeditsii v 1984 godu. Naukovyi arkhiv IA NANU, f.e. 21194, 1984/10.

Otroshchenko V.V., Rassamakin Yu.Ya., Kudriavtseva O.V., et al. Otchet o raskopkakh Zaporozhskoi ekspeditsii v 1985 godu. Naukovyi arkhiv IA NANU, f.e. 21581, 1985/4.

Paleoantropologicheskii katalog kollektsii Instituta arkheologii AN USSR.Naukovyi arkhіv ІA NANU. 1986.

Potiekhina I.D. Zvidky pryishly liudy z vizkamy: antropolohiia i arkheohenetyka yamnykh pokhovan Suhokleiskoho kurhanu. Tezy II mizhnarodnoi arkheolohichnoi konferentsii “Olviiskyi forum (pamiati V.V. Krapivinoi)”. 2018.

Pustovalov S.Zh. Molochanske sviatylyshche. Problemy arkheologіi Podnіprovia. Dnіpropetrovsk, 1999, pp. 104-118.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya., Otroshchenko V.V., Pustovalov S.Zh., et al. Otchet o raskopkakh Zaporozhskoi ekspeditsii v 1982 godu. Naukovyi arkhіv ІA NANU, f.e. 20638, 1982/2.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya. Chernykh L.A., Makhortykh S.V. Otchet o rabote Dneprovsko-Molochanskogo otriada Zaporozhskoi ekspeditsii IA Ukrainy.Naukovyi arkhіv ІA NANU, f.e. 24854, 1991/235.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya. O pogrebeniiakh predkatakombnogo vremeni v Severo-Zapadnom Priazove. Katakombnye kultury Severnogo Prichernomoria (ed. S.N. Bratchenko). Kyiv, 1991, pp. 42-56.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya. Eneolit i rannii bronzovyi vek Severo-Zapadnogo Priazovia.Disertatsіia kand. іst. nauk. Naukovyi arkhіv ІA NANU. 1992, no. 718.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya. Svit skotariv. Davnia istoriia Ukrainy. Vol. 1. Pervisne suspilstvo. Kyiv, 1997, pp. 273-301.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya. Hospodarstvo ta pobut skotariv. Davnia istoriia Ukrainy. Vol. 1. Pervisne suspilstvo. Kyiv, 1997a, pp. 317-337.

Rassamakin Yu.Ya., Nikolova A.V. Carpathian Imports in the Graves of the Yamnaya Culture on the Lower Dnieper. Some Problems of Chronology and Connections in the Black Sea Steppes During the Early Bronze Age. Import and Imitation in Archaeology (eds. P.F. Biehl, Yu.Ya. Rassamakin). Schriften des Zentrums für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte des Schwarzmeerraumes, 11. Langenweißbach, 2008, pp. 51-87.

Seheda S. Antropolohichnyi sklad ukrainskoho narodu: etnohenetychnyi aspekt. Kyiv, 2001.

Zubov A.A. Odontologiia. Metodika antropologicheskikh issledovanii. Moskva, 1968.

Zubov A.A., Khaldeeva N.I. Odontologiia v antropofenetike. Moskva, 1993.

Zubov A.A. Metodicheskoe posobie po antropologicheskomu analizu odontologicheskikh materialov. Moskva, 2006.

Zubova A.V. Naselenie yamnoi kulturno-istoricheskoi obshchnosti v svete odontologicheskikh dannykh. Vestnik arkheologii, antropologii i etnografii. 2010, no. 2 (13), pp. 85-95.


Abstract views: 29
PDF Downloads: 22
Published
2018-06-10
Section
Articles