The Early Medievai Verkhniy Saltov Burial Ground Sepultural Rite: the Experience of Statistical Analysis

  • Viktor S. Aksenov Kharkiv Historical Museum named by M.F. Sumtsov
Keywords: Saltovo-Mayaki culture, Verkhniy Saltov burial ground, catacomb, Alans, statistical analysis.

Abstract

The research of the Verkhniy Saltov burial ground, which have been conducted by Kharkiv archaeologists since 1984, allow expanding our knowledge of the Alan community sepultural rites that left the Verkhniy Saltov — the Yutanov group of necropolises. For statistical processing the materials of 75 catacombs (197 burials) of BCM-I, 41 catacombs (70 burials) of BCM-III and 110 catacombs (245 burials) of BCM-IV were used. The carried-out statistical analysis showed a high extend of the majority of the measured signs standardization, characterizing the funeral constructions and a ceremony of the Alan population of Verkhniy Saltov. In general, the burial ceremony of the population, who left the Verkhniy Saltov burial ground, from our point of view, finds the greatest similarity to the funeral ceremony presented in the 7th and 8th groups of the Alanian catacomb burial grounds of the second half of the 5th — the first half of the 8th century CE, from the territory of the North-Eastern Caucasus. The average filling capacity of funeral chambers on different sites of the burial ground connects them with family collectives. The presence of burials with different orientation of the deceased in the chamber (the head to the left of the entrance, the head to the right of the entrance, feet to the entrance, the head to the entrance) on all the sites of the burial ground should be considered as an evidence of the multiethnic structure of the population of Verkhniy Saltov with one dominating group.

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2018-06-01
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