Belt Set Details of the 5th — First Half of the 8th Centuries from Poltava Region: Finds of Beginning of 2000s

  • Yaroslav V. Volodarets-Urbanovych Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Poltava region, Penkovka, Kolochin cultures, Early Middle Ages, 5th – 8th centuries CE, belt fittings.

Abstract

Heraldic belts were one of elements of the Early Mediaeval Slavs’ dress. Many articles, both typological, and semantical are devoted to them.

New finds enrich our notions of typological variety and widen the areas. For instance, among a series of items discovered since the beginning of the 2000s in Poltava region, there are belt set details coming from Hradyzhsk (2 items), Kharkivtsi, Velyka Krucha, Livenske, Zasullia-Mhar (2 items), and Pisky (3 items). The belt plate from Hradyzhsk belongs to two-horned plates Aibabin/variant 1—1 or 1—4, a plaque Kovalevska/section 39, type 1, to two-parted plates Skyba/type II—5, variant 1. Such products were common for the Slavs, the nomads in the Black Sea north region, in the Crimea, and in the Caucasus.

The buckle from Hradzhysk belongs to unit-cast imitations of Byzantine buckles with double moving casing (Schulze-Dorrlamm/type B-15) or to unit-cast buckles with casing in shape of double figured projection.

B-shaped grooved buckle from Kharkivtsi belongs to Pritzier-Polibino type (group V), after I.A. Bazhan and S.Yu. Kargapoltsev. Such products were used since the 4th or 5th centuries to the first half of the 6th century.

The belt plate from Livenske belongs to horizontal symmetric plates Havrytukhin/type 1, variant 1б, or plates Kovalevska/section 34, type 2. The closest analogies come from Altynasar, mound 34, and Verkhsainskyi burial ground.

etails of belt set from Zasullia-Mhar are represented by a T-shaped plate and an anthropomorphous plaque. T-shaped plaque belongs to Aibabin/variant 3 or Harvrytukhin/group A. analogous products are known among the Slavonic and nomadic antiquities, in the Crimea and the Caucasus.

Anthropo-zoomorphic plate-plaque resembles anthropo-zoomorphic fibulae Rodnikova/type II.2 and a fingers-shaped fibula from Muzhynovo. The item analyzed could be a workpiece or a broken anthropo-zoomorphic fibula, and a craftsman could remake this item to use it as a plate.

The details of belt set from Pisky are represented by a belt tip, a buckle, and a small sewn on plate. A belt tip belongs to Aibabin/type 1—2, to inset tips with straight or slightly incurved sides, by I.O.Havrytukhin, or to Kovalevska/section 1, subsection 1, type 6, subtype 1, variant 2. According to A.V. Skyba’s typology, such products belong to type I (simple) and variant “with straight sides”. Such products are known among the Slavonic and nomadic antiquities from the Crimea and the Caucasus.

The buckle belongs to “Syracuse” type, Kovalevska/section 2 (oval-framed), type 7, subtype 5, or Aibabin/variant 4. At the south of Eastern Europe, such products are found in the Caucasus, and in a big number, at the Crimean burial grounds.

A rosette I shape of shield boss belongs to group VII (small sewn plates) and subgroup of rosettes with strokes on the edge, according to O.A. Shcheglova, or to belt plates Kovalevska/section 1, type 7. Such products are known among the Huns’ antiquities, the Slavonic and the nomadic adornments.

Belt sets of the Early Mediaeval Slavs were an integral part of men’s dress for the Early Mediaeval Slavs. However, all the reconstructions of Slavonic belts remain at the hypothetical level. First priority is to create as full as possible catalogue of products and to set them onto a map.

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