Bone-ware from Donetsk Hill-fort (to the Issue of Interrelations of Hill-fort Habitants with the Nomads)

  • Alina A. Kharlamova Kharkiv National University named after V. N. Karazin
Keywords: Донецьке городище, кістяні вироби, кістяні накладки, налуччя, сагайдачні петлі, торгівля, кочівники.

Abstract

The article describes the assortment of products made of bone and horns found during the research at Donetsk hill-fort. A big number of bone and horn plates for archer’s equipment, as well as handles from knives and other tools were found here. Some handles were covered with elegant ornamentation, while mainly simple non-ornamented tools were used in everyday life. This fact evidences that these items were possibly produced for sale. Their production in industrial scale is also indicated by the remains of several bone-carving workshops which obviously were custom workshops, serving not only the hill-fort habitants. One of the workshops also specialized on bows production. A favourable location of Donetsk hill-fort on trading roots contributed to the development of its habitants’ relations with other regions.

Donetsk craftsmen could perfectly supply the tribes of the Cumans roaming lower at the Donets River with their production. It is evidenced by the findings of similar items in the nomads’ burials in the basin of the Siverskyi Donets River middle flow. Bone ornamented plates for bows, quivers, and bow cases are typical for everyday life of not the habitants of Ancient Rus state, but of the nomadic population. Such trading relations between the habitants of Donetsk hill-fort and the Steppe allow considering from the new points of view the interrelations between the Cumans and Rus which are often presented in historiography as everlasting opposition and the struggle between the settled farmers and the nomads-cattle-breeders.

References

Alekseev L.V. Khudozhestvennye izdeliia kostorezov iz drevnikh gorodov Belorussii. Sovetskaia Arkheologiia. 1962, no. 4, pp. 197-209.
Armarchuk E.A. Konskoe snariazhenie iz mogilnikov Severo-Vostochnogo Prichernomoria X-XIII vv. Moskva, 2006.
Bagalei D.I. Obiasnitelnyi tekst k Arkheologicheskoi karte Kharkovskoi gub. Trudy XII Sovetskaia Arkheologiia. Moskva, 1905, vol. 1, pp. 9-15.
Diachenko A.G. Novyie issledovaniia Donetskogo gorodishcha. Arkheologicheskie otkrytiia 1978 g. Moskva, 1979, pp. 329.
Drevniaia Rus. Byt i kultura. Moskva, 1997.
Fedorovskyi O.S. Arkheologichni rozkopky v okolytsiakh Kharkova. Khronika arkheolohii ta mystetstva. 1930, no. 1, pp. 5-10.
Flerov V.S. Sarkel-Belaia Vezha. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii. 1958, 62, pp. 7-84.
Flerova (Nakhapetian) V.E. Kostianye detali lukov, kolchanov i naluchii Beloi Vezhi. Stepy Evropy v epokhu srednevekovia. Donetsk, 2000, vol. 1, pp. 101-116.
Gorodtsov V.A. Rezultaty issledovanii, proizvedennykh nauchnymi ekskursiiamy XII Arkheologicheskogo Sezda. Donetskoe gorodishche. Trudy XII Sovetskaia Arkheologiia. Moskva, 1905, vol 1, pp. 110-121.
Grozdilov G.P. Raskopki Drevnego Pskova (1954-56 gg.). Arkheologicheskii sbornik. Leningrad, 1962, iss. 4. Slavianskie drevnosti. pp. 7-76.
Krupa T.N. Bronzovoe zerkalo iz raskopok Donetskogo gorodishcha 1957 goda. Mynule i suchasne Volyni ta Polissia: Shatske poozeria u svitovii ta ukrainskii istorii. Lutsk, 2013, pp. 158-162.
Kuza A.V. Drevnerusskie gorodishcha X-XIII vv. Svod arkheologicheskikh pamiatnikov. Moskva, 1996.
Medvedev A.F. Ruchnoe metatelnoe oruzhie (luk i strely, samostrel) VIII-XIV vv. Moskva, 1966.
Narozhnyi E.I., Pliutov V.I. Kostianyie ornamentirovannyie nakladki na luki iz srednevekovykh kochevnicheskikh zakhoronenii XIII-XIV vv. (nekotoryie aspekty izucheniia). Piataia Kubanskaia arkheologicheskaia konferentsiia. Materialy konferentsii. Krasnodar, 2009, pp. 275-279.
Ovsiannikov O.V. Zametki o severnykh kosterezakh. SE. 1969, no 4, pp. 114-122.
Passek V.V. Kurgany i gorodishcha Kharkovskogo, Valkovskogo i Poltavskogo uezdov. Rus. istoricheskii sbornik. Moskva, 1839, vol. 3, book 3, pp. 211-216.
Serheeva M.S. Drevnerusskaia zoomorfnaia reznaia kost Srednego Podneprovia. Slaviano-russkoe yuvelirnoe delo i ego istoki. St.-Peterburg, 2010, pp. 286-292.
Serheeva M.S. Zoomorfnyie motivy v dekore drevnerusskikh izdelii iz kosti s territorii Lesostepnogo Podneprovia. Drevnosti 1997-1998. Kharkov, 1998, pp. 161-167.
Shramko B.A. Drevnosty Severskogo Dontsa. Kharkov, 1962.
Shramko B.A. Izucheniie drevnikh pamiatnikov Kharkovshchiny. Krasnoe Znamia. no. 124 (4613), 23 chervnia 1957 r.
Shramko B.A. Poperednii zvit pro rozvidky ta rozkopky Arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii XDU im. O.M. Horkoho u 1957 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 1, spr. 15.
Shramko B.A. Zvit pro robotu Skifo-slovianskoi arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii XDU im. O.M. Horkoho u 1959 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 1, spr. 18.
Shramko B.A. Zvit pro robotu Skifo-slovianskoi Arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii XDU im. O.M. Horkoho u 1960 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 1, spr. 19.
Shramko B.A. Zvit pro rozvidky ta rozkopky Sievierodonetskoi arkheologichnoi ekspedytsii XDU im. O.M. Horkoho u 1955 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 1, spr. 11
Shramko B.A. Zvit pro rozvidky ta rozkopky Sievierodonetskoi arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii XDU im. O.M. Horkoho u 1956 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 1, spr. 14.
Shramko B.A., Skirda V.V. Rozhdenie Kharkova. Kharkov, 2004.
Skyrda V.V. Novi doslidzhennia na Donetskomu gorodyshchi. Problemy istorii i arkheologii Ukrainy. Kharkov, 2004, pp. 81-82.
Skyrda V.V. Zvit z iliustratyvnym materialom pro robotu arkheologichnoi ekspeditsii Muzeiu arkheologii ta etnografii Slobidskoi Ukrainy KhNU im. V.N. Karazina u 2003 r. Arkhiv Muzeiu arkheolohii Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu im. V.N. Karazina. F. 1, op. 16, Spr. 4.
Trudy XII Arkheologicheskii sezd v Kharkove v 1902 g. Moskva, 1905, vol. 1, Tsvetnaia vkleika.
Yziumova S.A. Tekhnika obrabotki kosti v diakovskoe vremia i v drevnei Rusi. Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta istorii materialnoi kultury. Moskva; Leningrad, 1949, iss. XXX, pp. 15-25.

Abstract views: 12
PDF Downloads: 23
Published
2016-09-22
Section
Articles