Iron Objects of Classical Time from Suburban Estates of Olbia

  • Valentina А. Papanova Berdyansk State Pedagogical University
  • Svetlana М. Liashko Institute of the National Library of the Vernadsky Library of Ukraine
Keywords: suburban estates, iron objects, nails, knives, chain, needle, clamps, strigil, Shyroka Balka 6, Shyroka Balka 7, Olbia, Classical period.

Abstract

The article introduces iron objects excavated at the Shyroka Balka 6 (οικος — oikos) dated by the end of the 6th — the 30-ies of the 4th century BCE and at the Shyroka Balka 7 (χωριον — chorion) — the second third of the 5th — the beginning of the 3rd centuries BCE, as well as from the area of family burials of the oikos graves. They are introduced by tools and household items such as nails, door bolts, chain links, a needle, a horse harness ring, knives, a fishing hook, a sickle, staples and a strigil.

The strigil is of a particular interest. Only free citizens could do sports in the ancient world. We can assume that the inhabitants of the oikos were the full status Olbian citizens and therefore could attend the gymnasium of Olbia.

The complex of iron objects from two suburban estates is relatively homogeneous and close to the similar objects of Olbia from the chora settlements of the Classical period. Despite its scarcity, the iron objects are of special interest too, because they allow reconstructing the life, the work and crafts, namely, to clarify the conclusions about the persiut of suburban estates inhabitants.

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2018-06-01
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