Beads of the Wielbark Culture from Khrinnyky

  • Serhii A. Gorbanenko Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Tetiana Y. Hoshko Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
  • Olena S. Dzneladze Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Oleksandr M. Kovalchuk National Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Oleksandr S. Milashevskyi Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Victor A. Nesterovskyi Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University
  • Anton V. Panikarskyi Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Marina S. Serheieva Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Wielbark culture, Khrinnyky 1, object 27, water flotation, beads, natural science research methods.

Abstract

In 2016, a research of Khrinnyky 1 site in Rivne region was continued (fig. 1; 9). In particular, an object 27, determined as a dwelling of Wielbark culture (fig. 2), was investigated. The dwelling was dated by stages С2—С3 (230—330 CE) according to data of its ceramic complex (fig. 3, tab. 1).

An interesting set of finds, carried out due to water flotation of the bottom filling of the object, was obtained. It could be a part of bead stringing or of another similar adornment. It includes a glass bead, three fish centra with through-holes and two small pieces of amber (fig. 4). A glass bead is close to type Alekseeva 137 and is dated back to the 2nd—3rd centuries CE. By its chemical composition (fig. 5, tab. 2) it can be characterized as low-quality product of local origin with the probable color of dark brown hues. Dating of the bead corresponds with the dating of the object’s ceramic complex (fig. 8).

Fish vertebrae (fig. 6, tab. 3) belonged to the front tail part of the spine (vertebrae precaudales) of pike (Esox lucius) not less than 25 cm in length and with weight from 0.4 kg. The perforations could have been made with a thin point (an awl or a needle). The traces of polishing by soft abrasive were also traced on the surface that could also remain as a result of constant friction of beads on cloth. Probably the vertebrae played a role of seed beads.

According to the results of IR-spectrometric and optical analyses, the amber could be of a local origin (fig. 7). The data of complex and context of the finds allow assuming the belonging of the amber fragments formerly to some product (fig. 10). On the basis of data set it was suggested the local origin of the decoration (fig. 11) and the possibility of its manufacture directly at the settlement of Khrinnyky 1.

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