“Late Scythian Culture of the Crimea”: Origin and Evolution of the Concept

  • Valentina I. Mordvintseva Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Late Scythian archaeological culture of the Crimea, cultural-historical processes, history of research.

Abstract

The term “Late Scythian Culture of the Crimea” is a modern concept, similar in meaning to the term “Crimean Scythia”, in which the interpretation model, formed during the study of written and epigraphic sources, was originally laid. It seems that the phenomenon of the Late Scythian archaeological culture of the Crimea rather reflects the economic and cultural development of the Crimean peninsula in the context of its involvement in the world-system with two geopolitical centers - Rome and Parthian Iran, formed by the middle of the 2nd century BCE which divided the oecumene along the Euphrates River in the 1st century BCE. Their weakening or destruction in the 3rd century CE led to the rupture and reformatting of most of the ties - ideological, military, trade and economic, that affected the majority of peripheral to them cultures.

Further comprehensive study of the diachronic development of individual sites is of great importance for answering the question about the nature of the Late Scythian culture of the Crimea. Allocation of groups of similar sites and revealing the reasons for their similarity will make possible the further creation of a new cultural typology.

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