Old Rus Monument of the XVIII Century at the Territory of the Kyiv-Pechersk Fortress

  • Hlib Ivakin National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Archaeology, Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine, D.Sc., Professor
  • Yurii Pysarenko National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Phylosophy named after H.S. Skovoroda, PhD, Senior Researcher https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3247-1176
  • Serhii Balakin National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Preserve, Former Chief of the Department of Archaeology
  • Vsevolod Ivakin National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Archaeology, Head of the Kyiv Archaeology Department, PhD https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0074-1963
Keywords: Ancient Rus, settlement of ХI—XIII centuries, Kyiv, Pechersk, Andriivskyi lunette of the end of XVIII century

Abstract

In 2010, an unknown Old Rus settlement at Dobrovolchych batalioniv st., 18 (Kyiv) was discovered and partially explored. Joint scientific and rescue excavation of the Architectural and Archaeological Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Department of Archaeology of the National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve significantly complemented the population picture of the nearest outskirts of Old Rus Kyiv near the Pechersk monastery. The uniqueness of the find lies in the fact that it was preserved in the body of the XVIII century fortification monument. During the works, structural features of the defensive structure —Andriivskyi lunette (lunette No. 4) were investigated, as well as the cultural layer and the remains of residential and utility buildings of the second half-end of ХI — first third of ХIII centuries: building No. 1 — non-residential utility building and building No. 2 — multi-storey residential building with a basement.

As a result of research, collected and transferred to the funds of the National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve collection of numerous and diverse material: fragments of ceramic and glassware, amphorae, products made of bone, glass, metal and stone. Bones of animals, birds and fish found at the settlement, identified by biologists, provide an opportunity to characterize the diet of the inhabitants of the explored settlement.

The discovered settlement can be associated with the ancient Kievan outpost, which controlled Nevodnichi, Nevodichi canyon and defended Kyiv neighborhood from the south-east. Numerous finds of the plinths of ХI—ХIІ centuries, as well as stones, indicate that in ancient Rus times there was a stone building nearby — a church or a palace. Obviously, the destruction of the settlement occurred as a result of Kyiv takeover by the troops of Batu Khan in 1240. However, separate finds of ceramics of XIII — beginning of XIV centuries testify that life around did not freeze even afterwards.

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Published
2020-09-30
Section
Antiquities of Kyiv