Use of Metal Detectors in Archaeological Research

Keywords: metal detector, remote sensing, metal artifact, archaeological monument, survey, exploration, excavation, detection

Abstract

Nowadays, the usage of remote sensing methods is an integral part of archaeological research. Remote scanning devices significantly reduce time for conducting archaeological research and allows a researcher concentrate efforts on searching and studying of archaeological sites more optimally. One of such devices for remote geophysical sounding is a metal detector.

The article briefly presents information about the history of geophysical method development, based on the creation and improvement of a ground-based sensing device – the metal detector. Moreover, the author gives examples of its foreign experience in archaeological research as an additional scanning tool, where, in combination with traditional research methods, the metal detector is effective and significantly increases the statistics of metal artifacts found.

In addition, the effective capabilities and the feasibility of using a metal detector in various regions of Ukraine, in the process of conducting modern archaeological research (archaeological explorations, stationary archaeological excavations and scientific and rescue studies), are examined based on the author’s personal experience. The algorithm of working with a metal detector at various archaeological sites, both entire complexes and individual objects, is analyzed. The research was carried out exclusively within the framework of professional archaeological ethics: metal detection was carried out purely during the work of archaeological expeditions in the area of the relevant monuments identified by permits. The metal detector was used for the systematic detection of metal artifacts in combination with standard methods of archaeological practice in general. In this article, a metal detector research is primarily considered as a means of obtaining important scientific information, and not as a tool for digging up metal artifacts.

To conclude, methodological recommendations for the metal detector usage and issues related to the regulation of its usage in the examination of archaeological sites are presented.

References

Adamenko, M. V. 2006. Metalloiskateli. Moskva: DMK-Press.
Borysov, A. V., Manihda, O. V. 2016. Dosvid rozrobky i realizatsii bazy danykh arkheolohichnykh pamiatok dlia doslidzhennia system rozselennia. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20). Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, p. 24-31.
Hnera, V. A., Olenych, A. M. 2019. Rozvidka v Brusylivskomu raioni Zhytomyrshchyny. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2017. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 27-28.
Hrupa arkheolohichnykh heoinformatsiinykh doslidzhen (Hrupa AHID). Instytut arkheolohii Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy [online]. Rezhym dostupu: https://iananu.org.ua/novini/news2/783-grupa-arkheologichnikh-geoinformatsijnikh-doslidzhen-grupa-agid [Data zvernennia 22 hrudnia 2019].
Zakon Ukrainy ‛Pro okhoronu kulturnoi spadshchyny’. Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy. Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy [online]. Rezhym dostupu: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1805-14 [Data zvernennia 22 hrudnia 2019].
Ivakin, V. H. 2016. Predmety osobystoho blahochestia z honcharnoho posadu davnoruskoho Vyshhorodu (za materialamy arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen 2015 r.). Sivershchyna v istorii Ukrainy, 9. Kyiv, Hlukhiv: Tsentr pamiatkoznavstva NAN Ukrainy i UTOPIK, p. 153-157.
Ivakin, V. H., Bibikov, D. V., Zotsenko, I. V. 2016. Kolektsiia metalevykh vyrobiv z rozkopok Vyshhorodskoho honcharnoho posadu 2013-2015 rr. Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoho muzeiu istorii Ukrainy, 1 (1). Kyiv: NMIU, p. 256-264.
Ivakin, H. Yu., Baranov, V. I., Bibikov, D. V., Zotsenko, I. V., Ivakin, V. H., Kryzhanovskyi, V. O., Olenych, A. M., Pereverziev, S. V. 2018a. Naukovo-riativni doslidzhennia Arkhitekturno-arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii IA NANU u 2014-2016 rr. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2016. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 54-55.
Ivakin, H. Yu., Baranov, V. I., Bibikov, D. V., Zotsenko, I. V., Ivakin, V. H., Olenych, A. M. 2018b. Naukovo-riativni doslidzhennia Arkhitekturno-arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii IA NANU u Feofanii. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2016. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 55-58.
Ivakin, H.†, Baranov, V., Ivakin, V., Zotsenko, I., Bibikov, D., Olenych, A., Pereverziev, S. 2019. Naukovo-riativni doslidzhennia Arkhitekturno-arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii IA NANU na terytorii m. Kyieva. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2017. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 59-62.
Ivakin, H. Yu., Ivakin, V. H., Bibikov, D. V., Baranov, V. I., Zotsenko, I. V., Chmil, L. V., Olenych, A. M. 2017. Materialy naukovo-riativnykh doslidzhen Arkhitekturno-arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii 2016 r. v ekspozytsii Arkheolohichnoho muzeiu IA NANU. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3. Materialy ta doslidzhennia Arkheolohichnoho muzeiu IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 133-146.
Ivakin, V., Ivakin, H.†, Baranov, V., Bibikov, D., Perevierziev, S., Milashevskyi, O. 2019. Doslidzhennia baltskoho mohylnyka XI-XII st. na Porossi. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2017. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 89-91.
Ivakin, H. Yu., Chmil, L. V., Chekanovskyi, A. A., Ivakin, V. H. 2017. Znakhidky XVI-XVIII st. z naukovo-riativnykh rozkopok Kyivskoho Podolu u 2016 r. (vul. Kyrylivska, 37). Novi doslidzhennia pam’iatok kozatskoi doby v Ukraini, 26, p. 37-47.
Ivakin, G. Yu., Ivakin, V. G., Baranov, V. I., Zoczenko, I. V. 2017. Krest-relikvarij iz raskopok 2016 g. v Feofanii (g. Kiev). In: Musin, A. E. (ed.). V kamne i v bronze. Sbornik statei v chest Anny Peskovoi. Sankt-Peterburg: IIMK RAN, Nevskaya Knizhnaya Tipografiya, p. 201-205 (Trudy IIMK RAN, XLVIII).
Kozlovskyi, A. O., Iievlev, M. M., Kryzhanovskyi, V. O. 2015. Doslidzhennia po prov. Desiatynnomu v m. Kyievi. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2016. Kyiv: Starodavnii Svit, p. 69-71.
Kozlovskyi, A. O., Kryzhanovskyi, V. O. 2018. Doslidzhennia davnoruskoho poselennia po vul. Kudriavskii, 24-a v m. Kyievi. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2016. Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, p. 67-71.
Lelyk, M. B. 2017. Okhorona ta zberezhennia arkheolohichnykh tsinnostei yak resurs rozvytku y zmitsnennia ukrainskoi identychnosti. Kyiv. Rotaprynt NBU imeni Yaroslava Mudroho [online]. Rezhym dostupu: https://nlu.org.ua/storage/files/Infocentr/Tematich_ogliadi/2017/Archeol.pdf [Data zvernennia 22 hrudnia 2019].
Mandzii, A. 2008. Doslidzhennia poliv poltavskykh bytv na zemliakh Derzhavnoho istoryko-kulturnoho zapovidnyka ‛Pole poltavskoi bytvy’. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu ‛Lvivska politekhnika’, 632, p. 146-149.
Manihda, O. V., Hnera, V. A., 2019. Perevahy vykorystannia heoinformatsiinykh tekhnolohii pry fiksatsii arkheolohichnykh obiektiv. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 1 (30), p. 218-231.
Olenych, A. M., Hnera, V. A. Novovyiavleni arkheolohichni pamiatky rannomodernoho chasu u Bolhradskomu raioni Odeskoi oblasti. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2018. In print.
Sahaidak, M. A., Taranenko, S. P., Vakuliuk, M. P. 2018. Osvoiennia pidzemnoho prostoru Poshtovoi ploshchi u Kyievi: metodyka arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen. Problemy zberezhennia ta vykorystannia istorychnykh pidzemnykh kompleksiv v u umovakh nehatyvnykh tekhnohennykh vplyviv. Materialy Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii (Kyiv; Chernihiv, 26-27 zhovtnia 2017 r.). Kyiv: Feniks, p. 199-218.
Connor, M., Scott, D. D. 1998. Metal Detector Use in Archaeology: An Introduction. Historical Archaeology, 32 (4), p. 76-85.
Davenport, G. C. 2001. Remote Sensing Applications in Forensic Investigations. Historical Archaeology, 35, р. 87-100.
Dowdy, W. P. 1992. A Spatial Distribution Study in the Fort Jefferson Research Area, with an Assessment of the Utility of a Metal Detector as a Research Tool. Honors Thesis, Murray State University, Murray, KY.
Greg, H. 2016. Metal detectors for archaeological prospection: a subsurface survey at Vinegar Hill, Otago. Archaeology in New Zealand, 59 (4), p. 33-47.
Gregory, T., Rogerson, J. G. 1984. Metal-detection in Archaeological Excavation. Antiquity, 58 (224), p. 179-184.
Ivakin, V., Baranov, V. 2019. Burials with Weaponry in the Ostriv Baltic Graveyard in the Middle Dnieper Area (excavated in 2017 and 2018). ACTA HISTORICA Universitatis Klaipedensis, р. 99-127.
Sandoval, J. A. A. 2012. Los Detectores de Metales En Areas Historicas: The Metal Detectors in Historic Areas. Bloomington: Trafford Publishing.
Metal Detecting Gear. 2019. Metal Detecting History [online]. Access mode: http://mdgear.com/history/ [Accessed 22 November 2019].
Modelski, T. 1986. The Polish Contribution to the Ultimate Allied Victory in the Second World War. Worthing: T. Modelski.
Peskin, A. 1978. Garfield: A Biography. Kent State University Press.
Santschi, R .J. 2012. Modern Divining Rods: The Construction & Operation of Electrical Treasure Finder. Createspace.
Scott, D. D., McFeaters, A. P. 2011. The Archaeology of Historic Battlefields: A History and Theoretical Development in Conflict Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Research, 19 (1), р. 103-132.
Stine, L. F., Shumate, D. L. 2015. Metal detecting: An effective tool for archaeological research and community engagement. North American Archaeologist, 36, p. 289-320.
Wood, W. R. 1991. Archaeological Studies of World War II. Monograph № 10. Museum of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Abstract views: 37
PDF Downloads: 13
Published
2020-09-30
Section
Methods of Archaeological Research