Analysis of the Archaeozoological Material From XI—XIII Centuties Settlement Ihren 8
The Ihren peninsula is situated in the Samara district of Dnipro city. The advantageous geographical location in the lower reaches of the Dnieper River basin was conducive to the habitation of this place in the course of Mesolithic time. From the beginning of 1930-ies, archaeological sites of Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age and namely Medieval time on the territory of the peninsula were discovered and excavated. In the case of the river erosion and potential building development on its territory, the archaeological excavations have become a necessity. In July 2018, the excavation work of the archaeological expedition of the National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla academy” was held. The head of the expedition was prof. L. Zalizniak. During the process of research, the peninsula stratigraphy was clarified and some objects and cultural stratums of XI—XIII centuries were discovered. The materials found consisted of ceramics fragments, amphorae, metal knife blades and fishing hooks. A high concentration of glass bracelets indicates the wealth of the settlement’s inhabitants.
The object of this research is animal bones, which were found in the context of cultural stratums of XI—XIII centuries. The biggest percentage of bones belongs to domestic animals, such as cows, pigs, small-hoofed animals, such as sheep and goats. Red deer, elk, roe deer were the objects of hunting strategy. Their horns were used for bone tools and handcraft. Fishing was one of the important branches of the economy. 12 fish species from 5 families were identified from the fish bones, the most valuable of which belong to the sheefish, pike, sander and carp. Almost all of the fish bones were big in size. It can be possible during big fish selection in the process of fishing. The perforated fish vertebrae emphasize the important role of fish production. The results supplement previous researches and give a base for the reconstruction of certain aspects of settlement economy.
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