Burial Mounds Near Kachkarovka Village

  • Henadii Yevdokimov The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Archaeology, former researcher
  • Natalia Danylko The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Archaeology, Department of the Eneolithic-Bronze Age, Research Fellow http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4667-118X
  • Serhii Pustovalov Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts, head of the Department of Museology and Expertise of Historical and Cultural Values, D.Sc. in History http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3026-6224
Keywords: burial mound, excavations, Catacomb culture, Yamna culture, building archaeology, Krasnoznamianska expedition, Kachkarovka village, Sablukovka village, Northern Black Sea Region

Abstract

The materials of the mounds located on the Lower Dnieper Right Bank, investigated by the Krasnoznamiansk expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in 1995, are introduced into scientific circulation. In total, 27 burials were examined, mainly of the Early Bronze Age, which were located in three burial mounds that fell into the reclamation zone between the villages of Kachkarovka and Sablukovka of the Beryslavskyi district of the Kherson Region

The total number of mounds reaches 16 units. The Bronze Age of this region has been extremely insufficiently studied. Therefore, the published burials substantially supplement the understanding of it. As in other places, the first Yamna culture burials in the mounds are oriented along the west-eastern line, the later burials are oriented in a circle. The shape of the graves, the position of the buried people is typical for this region. These are rectangular pits with marked corners, shoulders or ledges. At a later stage — on the right or left side. Children’s Yamna culture graves with a large amount of inventory draw attention. For the Early Bronze Age, this is evidence of the presence of a powerful social center of the Yamna population. At the same time, the burials of adults are not distinguished by either size or inventory. In addition to ceramics, among the items were found two rather rare items — Pan’s flutes — bone musical instruments made of the middle parts of bird bones. Also important is the discovery of a Yamna culture pot in an Ingul grave, which is another evidence of the long-term coexistence of these two groups of population.

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Published
2020-12-14
Section
Publication of Archaeological Material