The Origin Of the Kultepe Culture

  • Zeyneb Guliyeva National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan branch, Head of the Department of «Archaeological Service», History PhD, Associate Professor http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8282-5898
Keywords: South Caucasus, Nakhchivan, Kultepe site, Neolithic, ceramic

Abstract

The different opinions have been put forward about the neolithization of the Azerbaijan. Some researchers note that the South Caucasus’ Neolithic culture is related to Mesopotamia by origin; some note that this culture developed based on local traditions. New researches conducted in the territory of Nakhchivan are essential for solving these problems.

New excavations conducted in Kultepe I, located near the city of Nakhchivan, led to the discovery of new facts related to the peopling history of this site and the peculiarities of the Kultepe culture. Studies show that there were various centers of Neolithic cultures’ formation in the VII—VI millennia BC in Azerbaijan. Moreover, the Kultepe is the oldest ceramic Neolithic site in the South Caucasus. Outputs of these studies indicate that Azerbaijan’s Neolithic cultures have no sources in the Middle East’s monuments.

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Published
2021-03-23
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