The Glass Beaker With Eclectic Features From Burial No. 112 of the Shyshaky Cemetery

Keywords: burial, Cherniakhiv culture, Late Roman period, Shyshaky cemetery, Great Migration period, glass cup, Hunnic time

Abstract

In 2014 the burial No. 112 was excavated on the territory of the Shyshaky cemetery of Scythian period and Cherniakhiv culture. A woman aged about 18—20 was buried there. The interesting fact is that this woman had 34 teeth (18 on the upper jaw and 16 on the lower jaw).

Near the right hand of the woman a conical glass cup with a capacity of 0,6 liters was found. The item is decorated with glass drops of different colours: amber, light-blue and deep blue. Polychromy of coloured drops is common for wares of the west Roman workshops.

The scheme of ornaments and the quality of this item indicate that it was made in the later period. There are no analogies and that’s why here we can mention a new type of glass cups with coloured drops the «Shyshaky-112 type».

Obviously, the burial No. 112 belongs to the group of the latest burials of the Shyshaky cemetery. It is difficult to date this burial correctly because there are no analogies of such items. However, it is reasonable to assume that this complex belongs to the Nuns time (the end of the 4th — first part of the 5th centuries)

The rite of placing glass and clay cups into the hands of dead people was stated only at the Shyshaky cemetery and is not common for other sites of Cherniakhiv culture. It is also interesting that such cups were found only in the burials of women (112, 39, 60). Maybe such a rite is connected with representation of local people about the dead women taking part in ritual feasts.

The presence of this glass cup of provincial-Roman production in the burial No. 112 proves that there were military and trading relations between provinces of Roman Empire and barbarians. It also should be mentioned here that local people stayed on the same territory and they didn’t have significant decline after the arrival of the Huns. It is possible that the presence of items of provincial-Roman production (glass cups) indicates that local people took part in campaigns of the Huns to the provinces of the Roman Empire.

References

Borovskij, E. V. (red.). 1988. Terapevticheskaya stomatologiya. In: Borovskij, E. V., Barysheva, Yu. D., Maksimovskii, Yu. M.; Pod red. prof. E. I. Borovskogo, Moskva: Mediczina.
Golofast, L. A. 2001. Steklo rannevizantiiskogo Khersonesa. Materialy po arkheologii, istorii i etnografii Tavrii, VIII, p. 97-260.
Zasetskaia, I. P. 2000. O dvukh klassifikatsiiakh stekliannykh sosudov s dekorom iz napaiannykh kapel i nitei sinego stekla. Nizhnevolzhskii arkheologicheskii vestnik, 3, p. 209-237.
Zasetskaia, I. P. 2008. Stekliannaia posuda nekropolia Bospora vtoroi poloviny IV - rubezha VI-VII vv. n. e. (iz sobraniia Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha). Bosporskie issledovaniia, ХХ.
Mahomedov, B. V. 2003. Potoibichnyi benket u pokhovalnomu obriadi cherniakhivskoii kultury. Starozhytnosti I tysyacholittya nashoyi ery na terytoriyi Ukrayiny, Kiyv, p. 83-88.
Mamonova, N. N. 1989. Pervichnaya obrabotka i opredelenie antropologicheskogo materiala v polevykh usloviiah. In: Mamonova, N. N., Romanova, G. P., Haritonov, V. M. Metodika polevykh arkheologicheskikh issledovanii, Leningrad, p. 50-83.
Petrauskas, O. V. 2021. Cherniakhiv culture and the Huns (Based on Archaeological Resources of Ukraine). Arheologia, 2, p. 15-32. https://doi.org/10.15407/arheologia2021.02.015
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2014. Burial with «Charon`s obol» from Shyshaky cemetery of Chernyakhivska culture. Arheologia, 1, p. 97-103.
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2016. Burial 115 Shyshaky cemetery with ornamented glass beaker. Chernyakhive culture. Oium, 5, p. 20-28.
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2015. «Funeral feast»: sets of jugs in Cherniakhiv culture burials. Arheologia, 1, p. 30-39.
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2014. Female burials 60 from Shyshaky cemetery of the Chernyahiv culture. Vid venediv do slovian. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ na poshanu doktora istorychnykh nauk, profesora Denysa Nykodymovycha Kozaka z nahody yoho 70-littya. Kyiv: vInstytut arkheolohii NAN Ukrayiny, p. 193-204.
Rumiantseva, O. S., Liubichev, M. V., Trifonov, A. A. 2018. Khimicheskii sostav stekla arkheologicheskogo kompleksa Voitenki 1 i proiskhozhdenie sosudov cherniakhovskoi kultury (predvaritelnye itogi issledovanii). Ostrogothica-Serie (Hefte), 3, p. 182-208.
Sorokina, N. P. 1971. O stekliannykh sosudakh s kapliami sinego stekla iz Prichernomoria. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 4, p. 85-101.
Sorokina, N. P. 1978. Antichnoe steklo v sobranii Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo muzeia. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniia Severo Zapadnogo Prichernomoria, Kyiv: Naukova dumka, p. 266-274.
Sorokina, N. P. 1979. Stekliannyie sosudy IV-V vv. i khronologiia tsebeldinskikh mogilnikov. Kratkie soobshcheniia instituta arkheologii, 158, p. 57-67.
Shulttse, E., Liubichev, M. 2018. Gruppa pogrebenii-ingumatsii v severo-zapadnoi chasti mogilnika cherniakhovskoi kultury Voitenki: voprosy khronologii. Ostrogothica-Serie (Hefte), 3, p. 121-145.
Barkozci, Laszlo 1988. Pannonische glasfunde in Ungarn. Studia Archaeologica, 9. Ungarische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Budapest.
Cezer, Santos 2014. Achado de uma Candeia de Vidro na villa romana da Quinta de S. Joao. Quinta da Laranjeira (Arrentela, Seixal). Al Madan Online, IIa, 18 (2), р. 117-124.
Сenker Atila 2015. Roman Glass Vessels in Sivas Museum (Sivas Müzesi’ndeki Roma Dönemi Cam Vazoları). Arkeoloji dergisi, XX, p. 161-179.
Devai, K. 2016. Glass Vessels From Late Roman Times Found in Pannonia. Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 67, p. 255-286.
Almagro, Gorbea, Маria, Jose 2010. El cuenco de vidrio tardorromano con gotas y cabudjones de guarroman, Jaen. Lvcentvm XXIX, р. 149-162.
Klein, Michael J. 1999. Römische Gläser: Formen, Farben und Dekore. Zur Ausstellung «Römische Glaskunst und Wandmalerei»: Römische Glaskunst und Wandmalerei: Ausstellung des Landesmuseums Mainz vom 12. Dezember 1999—20. Februar 2000. Michael J. Klein (Hrsg.). Mit Beitr. von Michael J. Klein, Henri Lavagne, Friederike Naumann-Steckner, Gabriele Harter, Andrea Rottloff, Edith Welker, Katja Broschat, Dunja Zobel-Klein, Sylvia Fünfchilling, Anna Barbara Follmann-Schulz, Rüdiger Gogräfe und Helmut Ricke. Vorw. von Gisela Fiedler-Bender. Mainz: von Zabern, s. 1-20.
Klein, Michael J. 1999. Spätrömische Gläser mit bunten Nuppen- und Fadenauflagen. Römische Glaskunst und Wandmalerei: Ausstellung des Landesmuseums Mainz vom 12. Dezember 1999—20. Februar 2000. Michael J. Klein (Hrsg.). Mit Beitr. von Michael J. Klein, Henri Lavagne, Friederike Naumann-Steckner, Gabriele Harter, Andrea Rottloff, Edith Welker, Katja Broschat, Dunja Zobel-Klein, Sylvia Fünfchilling, Anna Barbara Follmann-Schulz, Rüdiger Gogräfe und Helmut Ricke. Vorw. von Gisela Fiedler-Bender. Mainz: von Zabern, s. 129-142.
Naumann-Stecker, Friederike 1999. Glasgefäbe in der römischen Wandmalerei. Römische Glaskunst und Wandmalerei: Ausstellung des Landesmuseums Mainz vom 12. Dezember 1999 — 20. Februar 2000. Michael J. Klein (Hrsg.). Mit Beitr. von Michael J. Klein, Henri Lavagne, Friederike Naumann-Steckner, Gabriele Harter, Andrea Rottloff, Edith Welker, Katja Broschat, Dunja Zobel-Klein, Sylvia Fünfchilling, Anna Barbara Follmann-Schulz, Rüdiger Gogräfe und Helmut Ricke. Vorw. von Gisela Fiedler-Bender. Mainz: von Zabern, s. 25-33.
Price, J. 2006. Glass in Settlements and Burials in Roman Britain. Guido Creemers, Bart Demarsin & Peter Cosyns, Roman Glass in Germania Inferior. Interregional Comparisons and Recent Results, Proceedings of the International Conference, held in the Gallo-Roman Museum in Tongeren (May 13th 2005), ATVATVCA, 1, p. 42-48.

Abstract views: 160
PDF Downloads: 103
Published
2021-12-10
Section
Discoveries and Recent Finds