Transcaucasia and Neolithic of the South of Eastern Europe

Keywords: Transcaucasia, Early Holocene, migrations, Neolithization, criteria of migration, pressure flaking, backed bladelets, trapezes, lunates, triangles

Abstract

The authors examine the development of Transcaucasian archaeological cultures during the Early Holocene and their relationship to the beginning of the Neolithic in the south of Eastern Europe. The authors describe the migration activity of carriers of the Kobuletian, Darkvetian, Edzanian and Trialetian cultures. The role of migrants in the process of Neolithization of Eastern Europe is considered. The authors aim to show the relationship of the Kukrek, Hrebenyky, Matveev Kurgan, Shpan-Koba, Murzak-Koba cultures with the migratory activity of the Transcaucasian population.

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