Amazons in the History of Troy

  • Olena Ye. Fialko Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Amazons, Trojan War, Archaeology, Narrative Sources.

Abstract

The Trojan War is one of the key events of the Greek mythology. There are many studies on the historical background of the Trojan War legends. The german archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann definitively made a point to the discussion about the reality of the existence of Troy when found the ruins of the city in 1871.

Ancient authors, especially Homer, named the Amazons, led by Queen Penthesilea, among numerous participants of the ten-year Trojan War. The Amazons horse cavalry came to the aid of the besieged Trojans. The Trojan forces headed by the armed horsewomen opposed the Greeks in a battle, which almost ended up with the victory of Trojans. However, the intervention of the Greek hero Achilles and Ajax led to one of the most tragic events of the War. In this battle Achilles killed the Queen of the Amazons. Tearing off her helmet, Achilles was struck by the extraordinary beauty of the warrior woman and fell in love with her. Therefore, the battle was ended.

Archaeological discoveries indirectly confirmed a number of events fully described in narrative sources. The fact of the campaign of Greek leaders with their troops against the Trojans is quite plausible. At the same time, the question of the reality of the Amasons participation in the Trojan War, as before, remains open. However, it is possible that future archaeological discoveries will give an answer to this question as well.

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2018-12-22
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