The Artefacts from the “Hiding Place” of the Saltov Period in the Collection of the Dnipro National Historical Yavornytskyi Museum

  • Oleksandr V. Starik Dnipro National Historical Yavornytskyi Museum
  • Viktor S. Aksenov Kharkiv Historical Sumtsov Museum
Keywords: Saltov (Saltov-Maiatska) culture, Kharkiv region, funerary complex, armament, harness, details of clothing, household items.

Abstract

The complex of artefacts, found on the cremation burial ground near Kytsivka village, Pechenihy district, Kharkiv region and kept in the Dnipro National Historical Yavornytskyi Museum is analyzed in the paper. Due to the absence of bone remains the assemblage was not a funerary site but it is connected with the memorial rites of the Saltov culture population of the Khazar Khaganate. The complex of objects can be dated to the end of the 8th — the middle of the 9th centuries basing on the numerous analogies found in the cremation burials and memorial assemblages of Siverskyi Donets river and North-Western Caucasus basin.

The objects from assemblage indicate that it is associated with a man and woman. The weapon, horse equipment, fibula-steel and elements of a belt set were male’s. The second fibula with a curl at the end of a long receiver, the pair of rings, the belt-chain with pendants and a wheel-shaped amulet were connected with a woman. The man and the woman, apparently, were the family which is indicated by the presence of fireplace chain in the assemblage

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