Rohachyk and Riepin Cultures in Circle of Eastern European Cultures in Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages

  • Larysa A. Spitsyna Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Eastern Europe, the Late Chalcolithic, the Early Bronze Age, Rohachyk culture, Riepin culture, Trypillia culture, Usatove, Nyzhniomykhailivka group of monuments, Dereivka culture, Baden culture, Globular Amphora culture.

Abstract

Analysis of the available source base makes it possible to determine the area of distribution, to trace the formation, and to outline the timeframe of Rohachyk and Riepin cultures. Rohachyk culture formed at a local ground (Nyzhniomykhailivka group of monuments and Dereivka culture) by the powerful influence of Late Trypillia culture. Some features of the material culture of Rohachyk traditions’ bearers evidence their contacts with the populations of the Crimea, Riepin culture, Late Maikop culture, as well as of more distant cultures, namely, Globular Amphora and Baden ones.

Investigation of possible components forming Riepin culture identified the Siverskyi Donets River region as the most likely area for this process. Actually, it is here where cultures which traditions, to the author’s opinion, had a decisive influence on the process of the Riepin culture’s creation, were widely represented; they are Dereivka and Pit-Comb Ware cultures. In addition, the Riepin culture population borrowed some features from its’ neighbours. Trypillia and Rohachyk cultures populations are first among the latter. Some elements of the decoration on dishes evidence for contacts between Riepin and Globular Amphora cultures populations.

Consequently, two phenomena, Rohachyk and Riepin cultures, are prominent among Eastern European antiquities in the Late Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age.

Rohachyk culture sites are known in the area between the Dnipro and Buh Rivers, in the Dnipro River right bank lower region, and in the Crimea.

The bearers of the Riepin culture traditions occupied left bank of the Dnipro: Siverskyi Donets River region, the north-west area of the Sea of Azov, and further to the east.

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2017-06-22
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